In 1908, Queen’s Square (now Pearse Square), named in honour of Queen Victoria, was the scene of a massive fire which destroyed several buildings on its northern side. The rebuilding of the premises destroyed in that fire is noted by the date ‘1908’ on one of their facades. During British rule, Queen’s Square was often the scene of military parades and band recitals. After independence in 1921, the square was renamed Pearse Square to honour the memory of Pádraig Pearse (1879 – 1916), who was one of the most intellectual of the leaders of the 1916 Rising. He played a prominent and heroic part in those events but was arrested and executed on the third of May 1916, alongside others including Thomas MacDonagh, who had been a teacher at Saint Colman’s College, Fermoy.